7 wonders of the world
Chichen itza pyramid
is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the
Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán
Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.
itza pyramid was a major regional focal point in the
northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal
Classic and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic
period. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles,
from what is called “Mexicanized” and reminiscent
of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among
the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands. The presence of central
Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative
of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but
most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these
non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.
chichen itza pyramid History
Northern Yucatán is arid, and the interior
has no above-ground rivers. There are two large, natural sink
holes, called cenotes, that could have provided plentiful water
year round at Chichen, making it attractive for settlement.
Of the two cenotes, the "Cenote Sagrado" or Sacred
Cenote (also variously known as the Sacred Well or Well of Sacrifice),
is the more famous. According to post-Conquest sources (Maya
and Spanish), pre-Columbian Maya sacrificed objects and human
beings into the cenote as a form of worship to the Maya rain
god Chaac. Edward Herbert Thompson dredged the Cenote Sagrado
from 1904 to 1910, and recovered artifacts of gold, jade, pottery,
and incense, as well as human remains. A recent study of human
remains taken from the Cenote Sagrado found that they had wounds
consistent with human sacrifice.
Chichen Itza Pyramid