Yale University usa is a private university
in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate
School, Yale is the third-oldest institution of higher education
in the United Statesand is a member of the Ivy League. According
to THES-QS World University Rankings's 2008 "World's
Best Colleges and Universities" index, used by U.S. News
& World Report, Yale ranks 2nd among the top 200 universities
in the world. Yale is widely regarded as one of the leading
and most prestigious universities in the world, and it has
produced a number of U.S. presidents and foreign heads of
Particularly well-known are the undergraduate
school, Yale College; the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences;
and the Yale Law School. Yale Law School, for example, has been
ranked number 1 by U.S. News & World Report every year since
the ranking's inception. In 1861, Graduate School of Arts and
Sciences became the first U.S. school to award the Ph.D. Also
notable is the Yale School of Drama, which has produced many
prominent Hollywood and Broadway actors and writers, as well
as the art, divinity, forestry and environment, music, medical,
management, nursing, and architecture schools.
The university's assets include a $17 billion
endowment (the second-largest of any academic institution) and
more than a dozen libraries that hold a total of 12.5 million
volumes (making it, according to Yale, the world's second-largest
university library system). Yale has 3,300 faculty members,
who teach 5,300 undergraduate students and 6,000 graduate students.
Yale is organized as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization.
Yale's 70 undergraduate majors are primarily
focused on a liberal arts curriculum, and few of the undergraduate
departments are pre-professional. About 45% of Yale undergraduates
major in the arts and humanities, 35% in the social sciences,
and 20% in the sciences. All tenured professors teach undergraduate
courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually.
Yale uses a residential college housing system
modeled after those at Oxford and Cambridge. Each residential
college houses a representative cross-section of the undergraduate
student body and features facilities, seminars, resident faculty
and graduate fellows, and support personnel. As of 2009, there
are 12 residential colleges, with two more planned. The existing
residential colleges are named after past Yale presidents, the
early locations of the Yale campus, and historic local figures.
The University has not announced names for the new colleges,
but has made it clear that they will not be named after living
Yale's graduate programs include those in the
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences — covering 53 disciplines
in the humanities, social sciences, biology, physical sciences,
and engineering — and those in the Professional Schools
of Architecture, Art, Divinity, Drama, Forestry & Environmental
Sciences, Law, Management, Medicine, Music, Nursing, and Public
Yale and Harvard have been rivals in almost
everything for most of their history, notably academics, rowing,
and American football. In sports, The Game and the Harvard-Yale
Regatta are annual contests.
Yale President Rick Levin summarized the university's
institutional priorities for its fourth century: "First,
among the nation's finest research universities, Yale is distinctively
committed to excellence in undergraduate education. Second,
in our graduate and professional schools, as well as in Yale
College, we are committed to the education of leaders.
The nicknames "Elis"(after Elihu Yale)
and "Yalies"are often used, both within and outside
Yale, to refer to Yale students.