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Pakistan History

The first known inhabitants of the area now Soanian Pakistan settled in the Soan Valley Riwat and 1.9 million years ago. For the next thousand years, civilizations have grown up in the area and Mehrgarh civilization of the Indus. Before independence as a state in 1947 modern, the country was independent and under various empires at different times. The ancient history of the region and some of the oldest empires from the subcontinent and some of its main civilizations.something Pakistan is a fact. Multi-regional, not the only country in Southeast Asia have built their history, if they are in-depth analysis of the trial of the 18th century, the country was in British India. The political history of the nation began with the birth of the All India Muslim League in 1906 to protect the interests of some Muslims. 29 in the middle of neglect and under-representation in the case of the British Empire in the local government grant in December 1930, Sir Muhammad Iqbal. "Northwestern India Indian Muslims" was an independent state in the league popular in the 1930s. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the theory of the nation 2 years and led the league is allowed. Lahore Resolution 1940 calls for the creation of independent states of British India eventually joined their independence British wings of Pakistan 14th August 1947 - West Pakistan and East Pakistan. Separated after a civil war, the Bengal region, East Pakistan, at a considerable distance from the rest of Pakistan, the independent state of Bangladesh in 1971.

Pakistan declared itself an Islamic republic on adoption of a constitution in 1956, but the civilian government, was arrested by the military coup of 1958 by Ayub Khan, who ruled during a period of internal instability and a second war with India in 1965. Economic grievances and political rights in East Pakistan led to violent political tension and military repression, escalating civil war followed by the third war with India. Pakistan's defeat in the war ultimately to the secession of East Pakistan and the birth of Bangladesh.

The return to civilian rule from 1972 to 1977 under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, until he was overthrown by General Zia-ul-Haq, the third military president of the country. Obsolete Pakistan-secular political influence will be replaced by Islamic Sharia religious code in the new government and military superiors. With the death of Zia ul-Haq in 1988, Benazir Bhutto was the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan. Over the next decade, alternating with Nawaz Sharif, the deteriorating political and economic situation of the country. Military tensions in the Kargil conflict with India in a coup d'état in 1999 in which General Pervez Musharraf took the direction of travel.

In 2001, Musharraf named himself President after the resignation of Rafiq Tarar. In the 2002 parliamentary elections, Musharraf transferred executive newly elected Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali, who was replaced in 2004 by Shaukat Aziz. On 15 November 2007, the National Assembly has completed execution and a transitional government was the former President of the Senate Muhammad Mian Soomro was appointed Prime Minister. After the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, which led to a number of important political developments, her husband Asif Ali Zardari was elected president in 2008 and 2012.The next ecection expetd 2013th

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